Monday, January 13, 2020

Palestine vs Orientalism Essay

Joe Sacco’s Palestine is a journalist’s journey throughout the Palestinian lifestyle, Israel and other facets of the state. Not only does Sacco voluntarily put himself into a dangerous occupied territory but he also assembles himself as a character in his engaging novel. Sacco is collecting the stories of the Palestinians and the destruction that Israelis have brought to their lives and families. Edward Said’s Orientalism provides a parallel to Sacco’s novel, as he conveys a plethora of false assumptions underlying Western attitudes toward the East. Said examines the different aspects of orientalism and gives light to the fact that because orientalism has lasted in our world this long, it has no . Although Said’s Orientalism is similar to Sacco’s Palestine, Said’s description of the Western world and its view of the East require one to rely on Sacco’s examples of true life stories to determine one’s own definition of orientalism. Sacco’s Palestine gives readers an inside look into the diminishing Palestinian life during the first intifada in which Sacco was present. The first intifada was a very powerful and liberating time in Palestine, as the citizens were revolting against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories Israel had control over. After witnessing the horrific tragedy that many Palestinians experience each day from Israel, Sacco interviews a family that has lost their stable income and family heritage. An older man explains â€Å"The olive tree is our main source of living†¦we use the oil for our food and we buy clothes with the oil we sell†¦a good roman tree can produce 20-30 liters in a year†¦ here we have nothing else but the trees†¦ The Israelis know that an olive tree is the same as our sons†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Sacco 61-62). Not only did the Israeli soldiers cut down all of the families olive trees leaving them with nothing, the soldiers also forced the older man Sacco interviewed to cut some of his own olive trees down by himself. This incident is extremely powerful and moving, knowing that for a lifetime this man had a stable income and knew that his family would always be taken care of with these trees and now he is being over powered by the soldiers to take that all away. This provides a clear example of the helplessness that Palestinians experience under Israeli occupation of their home land. Both readings prove to be valid in their explanations of orientalism and anti-orientalism although, Edward Said’s idea of orientalism is indefinite which is obtained in Sacco’s Palestine and the day-to-day lives of the Palestinians that Sacco presents. The western influence has burrowed into the lives of the orient and created turmoil between Israelis and Palestinians. The Western support of Israel has only heightened the resentment toward Palestinians. As an Israeli business woman states her Orientalist view toward Palestine â€Å"Maybe, if I were a Palestinian I’d be a terrorist, too, to get back my land† (Sacco 254). It is evident that these Western ideas of the said â€Å"Terrorists† have spread so rapidly into Israel, when in reality Israel and the aggressive techniques their soldiers are taught to use against the Palestinians are in fact terrorist attacks in themselves. Despite the similarities; Said’s Orientalism stands out beyond the true context of Sacco’s Palestine. â€Å"†¦ in short, Orientalism is a Western style for dominating, restructuring, and having authority over the Orient† (Said 3). Because of the agreement between the Western states and Israel, the Israeli army and governmental views are very similar to the ones the Western world has, thus, creating authority over the Israeli Orient. On the other hand Sacco’s Palestine shows readers the evil and more or less terrorist like views of Israel. Taha, a Palestinian expresses his anger towards Israel when his friend, Shreef, admits that he wants a visa in able to work in Israel. Shreef states that he â€Å"has no problem with the Israelis†¦they are like Europeans† (Sacco 2). Taha reacts abruptly, slamming his over-sized clenched fist down onto the game table that had before held chess pieces. With saliva connecting between his teeth, with wide mouth, Taha lets out a startling. Palestine is an underdeveloped and vulnerable state; Israel is able to build a stronger built army with powerful tactics in order to take advantage of the weak and pacific (peaceful) manner of the Palestinians. Throughout Sacco’s journey he soon realizes that what he has encountered is now more of a pilgrimage. He even goes as far as to name a sub-chapter Pilgrimage, showing the reader that they’ve been on this pilgrimage with him. The families that let this American journalist, Joe Sacco, into their lives are very brave in showing him their true pain and struggle. Many of the interviewees struggle with the question is Sacco going to do anything to help them after they let him into their lives. The facts and stories that are full forcibly thrown at Sacco and the readers make it hard to not spread the word about the occupy happening in Palestine and the torture that the innocent Palestinians must go through every day. Even if Sacco’s novel doesn’t make a significant change in Palestine how they are treated it may although, make a significant change in a person of any race, and allow that person to examine their own life and be thankful for what they have. Ultimately, Said’s careful and precise wording provides a better standpoint for the argument of â€Å"the other† within Orientalism. With â€Å"the other† conclusively being someone of another race, nationality, religion and/or gender. Orientalism will continue to exist be taught and learned, until the western and the east come to an underline consensus about each other. A reason for the westerns view about the east and vice versa is a lack of knowledge about one other. Sacco made a lasting impression with his work in Palestine in order to more accurately educate those who know nothing more than bias, orientalism views.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Idioms in Context Expressions and Their Meanings

Here is a short story about a simple life philosophy.  Try reading the dialogue  one time to  understand the gist  without using the idiom definitions. On your second reading, use the definitions to help you understand the text while learning new idioms.  Youll find idiom definitions and a short quiz on some of the expressions at the end of the story.   A Little Life Philosophy Here are some thoughts on how to live a reasonably balanced life. These arent any great insights, just everyday thoughts on how to be satisfied and relatively happy despite the curves that life throws us at times. First and foremost, its important to find people that you like. That means finding someone who wont make you feel put upon. Thats truly a horrible feeling! Its also a good idea to find people who arent going to press your buttons too much. Friends will kid around, but good friends will hit a happy medium between joking and respecting each other. On the topic of friends, its a good idea to treat your friends like youd like them to treat you. Its simple, but put this advice into practice and youll be surprised at what great friends you find.   In these modern times, we all enjoy having the latest, greatest products such as smart phones and stylish clothing. Just remember that all that glitters is not gold. It is  helpful to always keep the presence of mind about you when  shopping. Rather than fall into the trap of using your credit card too much, wait a day or two. Try this trick the next time your heart skips a beat because some beautiful piece of technology calls to you from the shop window. Once youve got this technique under your belt, youd be surprised how much you will save. Finally, when things do go wrong be careful and take it slowly. Take a few deep breaths, regain your composure, and then act. Unfortunately, we all get the short end of the stick at times. When this happens, know that life doesnt turn on a dime. Ups and downs are all part of the puzzle that is life. Taking this approach will make problems run like water off a ducks back. Youll need to straighten things out from time to time, but youll know its not the end of the world. Of course, its also a good idea to cross bridges when you come to them rather than worry too much about everything that could go wrong in life! Idioms and Expressions All that glitters is not gold: Not everything that looks good is goodCross a bridge when one comes to it: Deal with a situation when it happens, used when explaining that one shouldnt worry too much about possible problemsFall into the trap: Do something that something wants you to do in order to take advantage of youFeel put-upon: Feel like someone is forcing your to do something you dont want to doGet something under ones belt: Experience somethingGet the short end of the stick: Lose in an arrangement of some sort, receive the smallest portionHave the heart skip a beat: Be surprised by somethingHit a happy medium: Find balance between extremesKid around: Have fun, jokePresence of mind: The ability to calmly think about a situation and make the best decision rather than act on emotionPush someones buttons: Know exactly what to say to anger another personPut something into practice: Do something that you want to become a habit, often used when following adviceRegain ones composure: F ind balance after having becoming very emotional (anger, sadness, spite, etc.)Run like water off a ducks back: Not bother or affect someoneStraighten something out: Resolve a problem  Throw someone a curve ball: Do something that surprises someone, often used when negative events happen  Turn on a dime: Change without hesitation Idiom and Expression Quiz Check your understanding of the new idioms and expressions with this quiz. Jennifer feels ___________ by her boss at work. Shes always asking her to stay and work overtime.  I wish you wouldnt ________________. This is serous business for serious people!Luckily, Tom had the _________________ to bring all the equipment despite the crazy rush to leave this morning.Id like to get a climb of Mt. Hood _______________. It must be an amazing adventure.Im trying to put my philosophy __________________ every day. Its not always easy!I wish you would stop pushing my _________________. I dont want to argue with you.Ive hit a ___________________ between work and free time.My heart skipped __________ when I heart the news about their marriage.He fell into _____________ when he agreed to give her lessons for free.Im afraid youve gotten ___________________________. Next time will be better! Answers put-uponkid aroundpresence of mindunder my beltinto practicebuttonshappy mediuma beata trapthe short end of the stick More Idioms and Expressions in Context Stories Learn more expressions using stories with one or more of these further  idioms in context stories with quizzes.

Friday, December 27, 2019

The Balance of Power and the Congress of Vienna - 2635 Words

The Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) No event epitomizes the state of Europe in the wake of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars as well as the Congress of Vienna held between 1814-1815. The culmination of centuries of European political tradition, the Congress was in many ways the last gasp of monarchy in Europe, as the royal houses tried to restore the Europe they once knew and ensure that their way of politics and society would be sustained even in the face of the radical wave of change foreshadowed by the French Revolution. At that time of the Congress Europe was in a state of disarray. The French Revolution that erupted in 1792, Napoleon Bonaparte’s rise to power and the subsequent wars had not only proven†¦show more content†¦Once in full swing, the Congress quickly moved into its first phase, the negotiations over Napoleon’s Duchy of Warsaw, otherwise known as Poland. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth had been partitioned between 1772 to 1795 amongst Hapsburg Austria, Prussia, and Russia. Alexander I, demanding compensation for Russia’s efforts against Napoleon pushed for a plan in which the Prussian and Austrian controlled sections of Poland would be combined into a new Kingdom of Poland under Russian control. In exchange for ceding their Polish territories, Prussia would be given the entire kingdom of Saxony, and Austria would be compensated with extensive holdings in northern Italy. (Gulick) This proposition led to the bitterest conflicts at the Congress in what was dubbed the Polish-Saxon Crisis. The Coalition quickly broke into two opposing camps with Great Britain and Austria in opposition to the Russian proposition, and Russia and Prussia in support of it. Metternich’s reasons for opposing Russian hegemony over Poland were the most pressing. 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Thursday, December 19, 2019

The Major Economic Problems That Have Plagued Latin America

1. What are the major economic problems that have plagued Latin America in the 20th century? During the 20th century Latin America went through a change after the U.S made the clam to directly defend Latin America. This caused a sudden trade switch from the Europe nation to the U.S. With this trade switch we start to see a big gap between the lower and upper class. With this gap the poor gets poorer and the rich become Carlos Slim. Carlos Slim was the world’s richest person form 2010-2013 and is a perfect example of how the upper class becomes billionaires. The wealth Disparity can also be seen in areas like Sao Paulo, Brazil with their slums. With this wage gap, crime started to flourish in Latin amerce along with corruption. Some of the best examples of crime and corruption are the Colombian drug cartels with their widespread murder and bribery tactics. Politic violence also affected Latin America like revolutions and other up raising the government would shift and political power would change every few years. The common assassination of politic enemies for cartels often changed the Latin America diplomatic landscape. 2. How did Peru and Nicaragua differ in terms of Indian acceptance of leftism in the 1970s and 1980s? Why? In the 1980’s Peru was a hotbed of leftist activity due to the fact of Peru majority was contested of Indians who lived in poverty. Some of the reasons for the left wing politics were debated the inequality, social privilege and Marginalization theShow MoreRelatedWhat Are The Major Economic Problems That Have Plagued Latin America?889 Words   |  4 Pages1. What are the major economic problems that have plagued Latin America in the 20th century? During the 20th century Latin America went through a change after the U.S made the clam to directly defend Latin America. 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Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Costs and Diversity of Product

Question: Howmanufacturing overhead costs of a company increased as a proportion of the total costs and diversity of product-line increased? Explain. Answer: According to Cooper and Kaplan (1988), as the manufacturing overhead costs of a company increased as a proportion of the total costs and diversity of product-line increased, the assumptions of traditional cost system gets violated. They indicated that although, support department costs have been considered fixed but they actually varied and were driven by product-line diversity and complexities of activities (operating) like inspection, handling, set-up etc. This complexity can be handled by the support departments when they are larger and sophisticated. Since, low-volume products associates more with such transactions per unit than the high-volume products, it can result in cross-subsidization that is the high-volume products can be allocated more overhead by subsidizing the low-volume ones. Outputs of support depaartments can increase as most of it involves human activities and eventually, the maximum output of department is reached and further personnel are requested. As this requ est rises with an increase in output, the support department grows intermittently. The cost of complexity concept is not used in the traditional concept of cost systems because both are different methods for allocating overhead costs to products. The traditional cost accounting model or system puzzles the underlying relationship between the ranges of different products produced and the size or magnitude of support departments. Cooper and Kaplan argued that the traditional cost systems used volume related bases in order to allocate manufacturing overhead and hence led to material misreporting of the product costs. Also, as the cost of support departments is treated as fixed, this concept makes it problematic to realize that these costs are varying systematically (Cooper Kaplan, 1988). As the traditional cost accounting systems were not considered accurate because they may result in over-costing or under-costing, Cooper and Kaplan decided to aware people of a comprehensive cost system so that it can incorporate even the long-term variable costs of marketing and manufacturing of every products or product-line, thereby resulting in a much efficient basis for managerial decision-making on discontinuing, pricing, reengineering and introducing product lines. The cost system can also facilitate in the smooth running of a business, hence generating sustainable advantages for the business. Previously, managers in companies made significant decisions on pricing and product mix etc on the basis of distorted information on cost and alternative methods rarely existed to alert the managers about the flaw in cost information (Maher, 2005). Another reason behind this article was that previously management accounting mainly concentrated on cost information for making short-run dec isions and the most relevant aspect of decision on products got avoided (Don Maryanne, 2006). The thinking of people regarding the cost behavior needed to be changed as it was ineffective and hence, two relevant changes needed to be made through this article. Firstly, the cost allocation from the pool of costs to products was required to be achieved as overhead costs were driven by production complexities and not volume of production and secondly, the overhead costs varied with variations in production complexities but these variations were actually intermittent in nature. Hence, to sum up, Cooper and Kaplan wrote this article so that the flaws of the traditional accounting system could be neglected and the benefits of a comprehensive cost system could be informed to the people in order to facilitate better decision making in their processes. is very important in every business whether it be related to pricing, product-mix etc. Accounting managers were making a mistake in their decisions as they relied on the distorted cost information and this paper successfully fulfills its objective in informing people about the relevance of a comprehensive cost system. People must read the paper because it not only comprises of information on the benefits of a comprehensive cost accounting system but also comprises of the flaws that are present in the traditional system of cost accounting (Drury, 2011). Readers can learn that in the present scenario, marketing channels and product lines have become proliferated. Direct labor represents only a small portion of corporate costs whereas marketing expenses, distribution expenses etc have risen but still many of the companies allocate these increasing overhead by their decreasing base of direct labor. These simple approaches are no longer required and can prove dangerous especially in this era of global competition and innovative production technologies (Lanen et. al, 2008). As a matter of fact, people were aware that decision-making was a key factor of the success of a business and many managers were even aware that their systems of accounting distorted product costs but they were unaware of the impact of the decisions they would be making (Horngren, 2011). Hence, an effective system was urgently needed so that the product costs could be measured and could also be assigned to product the costs of complexities. References Cooper, Robin Kaplan, Robert S. How Cost Accounting Distorts Product Costs Management Accounting 69(1988): 10. Print Don R. H Maryanne, M. M. Cost Management Accounting Control. : Thomas South-Western, 2006. Print Drury, C. Cost and management accounting. Andover, Hampshire, UK: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2011. Print Horngren, C. Cost accounting. Frenchs Forest, N.S.W: Pearson Australia, 2011. Print Lanen, W. N., Anderson, S Maher, M. W. Fundamentals of cost accounting. NY: Hang Loose press, 2008. Print Maher, L. Fundamentals of Cost Accounting. McGraw-Hill, 2005. Print

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Account for the political stability of the Weimar between 1924-29 Essay Example

Account for the political stability of the Weimar between 1924-29 Essay In answering this question I propose to examine the key areas of leadership, the economy, then see how this affected politics and follow this up by looking at foreign relations. 1924 saw the emergence of two figures in key posts that were to contribute to Weimar stability between these years: Stresemann and Hindenburg. Both had militarist and nationalist backgrounds but similarly both were intelligent enough to realise that co-operation and discourse were preferable to civil war and economic suffering. Stresemann masterminded Germanys period of diplomatic tension and isolation whilst Hindenburg offered a presidency that was balanced and tactfully administered. Both men were acceptable as leaders to the majority of German people for the time being. These men seemed acceptable to the allies whose goodwill was of paramount importance for German to recover between 24-29. Economically, the country re-gained some stability immediately when H. Luther changed the Mark over to the Rentenmark in 24. This was achieved without gold reserves but industry and agriculture offered some security and this was accepted as international currency. Unemployment began to subside and industrial output returned to levels not seen since 1913. Trading agreements (such as the Rappallo with the USSR) offered further investment opportunities abroad. A full return to the gold standard was enabled by the Dawes Plan (loans were also provided) and it also gave the economy breathing space as reparations were scaled down to fit in with economic output. We will write a custom essay sample on Account for the political stability of the Weimar between 1924-29 specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Account for the political stability of the Weimar between 1924-29 specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Account for the political stability of the Weimar between 1924-29 specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Politically, this was a quieter time for the Weimar. Why? Simply because the republic seemed to be gaining success. Middle ground parties dominated the Reichstag and the three main nationalist parties (DNVP, NSDAP and KPD) only received 30% of votes cast in the 1927? election. The D. N. V. P was traditionally supported by industrialists, but given the economic upturn most were quite happy to allow the republic run freely. A referendum called for by the NSDAP and others to pillory the government for treason only received 14% of votes cast in favour. 1924 also saw Germany move away from the policy of obstruction and non-co-operation that had dogged the republics early years. Beginning with J. Wirth, a co-operative policy of fulfilment or Erfsfullpolitick was pursued. Stresemann continued this policy with three aims in mind: to modify Versailles; to end German diplomatic isolation and finally to restore sovereignty. By 1931, all three had been more or less achieved. The expressions of the Erfsfullpolitick were a series of pacts and treaties that bore foreign success. As mentioned above, the Rappallo Pact gave the economy a nudge but may also have nudged the allies into a desire to involve Germany more in world affairs in preference to Soviet dominance. The Dawes plan was the first expression and the Young Plan further supported this in 29 (both scaled down reparations). The Locarno Pact ratified Germanys western borders whilst still allowing her to pursue claims in the east. A return to League of Nations membership in 26? Saw the French foreign minister Briand, welcome Stresemann as an equal. The reparations were legally curtailed in 31 after Brunigs application for a Moratorium to the U. S. In conclusion, Weimar political stability between 24-29 can be explained by a combination of inspired leadership, supported by foreign goodwill and input which in turn promoted economic buoyancy which led to political calm.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Summer Prep for Every Grade in High School

What should you do as a high school student over the summer? If thats a question youre asking yourself, relax. Spend your summer break wisely, meaning find a good balance between enjoying your time off to recharge while looking ahead to adequately prepare for the school year. Rising FreshmenStarting freshman year in high school is a very exciting yet potentially overwhelming time. There is a sudden rush of pressure. New students, new teachers, new classes. Plus, college application preparation talk becomes increasingly common. Don’t psych yourself out. While your high school grades are important, your freshman year transcript does not carry as much weight as your latter high school years. So, take this year to really find your footing. Get involved in extracurricular activities you’ve been meaning to explore, and try out for the sports team you’ve always wanted to compete in. There isn’t much for you to prepare other than a positive mindset to start this n ew chapter in your life! Rising SophomoresNow, that you’ve been around the block once, it’s time to get more serious about your courses.Consider what subjects you want to take next year. Are AP classes something you want to consider? Evaluate your freshman year extracurricular involvement. Do you want to continue those or explore new ones? Learn about the SAT ACT standardized tests. This summer is the perfect time for you to reflect on your first year and make a plan for high school. The focus of your preparation this summer is really just re-adjusting your high school plans now that you know what to expect. Then, it’s learning about what opportunities are out there for you after high school. Familiarize yourself with different parts of the college application process. Think about whether college is an option for you. Start considering what you need to do to set yourself up to pursue higher education, if that’s what you want to do. Rising Juniors Things are about to get busy. This summer is best spent on all the heavy lifting prep work you can do, so you can lessen the load during the school year. Plan to meet with your high school counselor. Assess your financial needs if higher education is on the horizon. Learn about FAFSA. Prepare for the SAT/ACT. Whether this means starting to study or just learning about future test dates, get these tests on your radar. Start a rough list of colleges you’re interested in with special focus on the factors that make those colleges interesting to you. Be realistic about your course load and AP classesstrike a healthy balance of course rigor. Understand the different college application programs available to you. This is the first time you should really consider preparing for the SAT or the ACT. By the end of your sophomore year, you’ll have learned most of the concepts tested on both of the exams and will be prepared to start studying. If you need SAT or ACT test prep help, we recommend working with Magoosh. They are an online test prep that can help you reach your target score. To start studying for the SAT or the ACT, it’s important to have a target score you are aiming for. This target score should come from the list of colleges you’re interested in. This doesn’t have to be a set list of colleges you are going to apply to. In fact, this list will probably continue changing until well into your senior year. Your junior year grades matter the most, especially if you’re applying early. Your senior year transcript will not be evaluated yet, so it’s important to have a course load that demonstrates academic rigor without completely overwhelming yourself. Take into account of your extracurriculars, SAT or ACT studying, as well as other obligations; then plan your course schedule accordingly. Rising Seniors Summer before senior year is probably one with a lot more pressure. You’re faced with application deadlines and a seemingly never-ending checklist of things to do to get your college applications done. But, that’s also why you have your summer to prepare and make your senior year as manageable as possible. Plan your college campus visits or find ways to connect with current college students (check out our mentoring feature). Find and apply for scholarships. Brainstorm your college essay. Narrow down your college list. Be realistic about your course load and AP classes for senior year. The summer break gives you a lot of time to really knock a lot of the stuff off your list of to-dos before school starts up again. By now, hopefully, you’ve already taken your SAT or ACT. If not, this would be the opportunity to study for it and take it before school starts. (Magoosh offers a great study plan.) Get a head start on your scholarship applications. You may not yet have narrowed down your college list, so as youre still figuring out where to apply, apply to scholarships over the summer to work toward a financially feasible college outcome. Writing scholarship applications often also inspires students to write their personal statements for college. Just as you would the summer before junior year, you should also evaluate and be realistic about your course schedule for your senior year, especially the fall semester! Keep in mind how much time youll have to dedicate to working on your college applications. You will need to carve out time from any sports and extracurriculars youre committed to. Go with a rigorous schedule that you can handle with all the other competing interests in the Fall. Take advantage of your summer breaks! If you need additional help, you can download our free 4-year PDF guide to help you stay on track. Need profile access? Ourpremium plansoffer different levels of profile access and data insights that can help you with your application process. Unlock any of ourpackagesor search ourundergraduate profile databaseto find specific profiles that can help you make an informed choice about where to apply!